日向薬師 宝城坊宝殿特別展覧会

特別展示会 SPECIAL EXHIBITION
The 3 Yakushi Temples of Japan Hinata Yakushi
Hinata Yakushi Sanctuary Headling Buddha Important Cultural Properties

◼️日向薬師 宝城坊宝殿特別展覧会

・期間 / Date
   11/15[FRI] - 12/14[SAT] 10:00 - 16:00

・拝観料 / Fee
   300円 ※その他団体料金等もございます。

・会場 / Place
   神奈川県伊勢原日向1644 Kanagawa Isehara Hinata 1644 [Map]

・お問い合わせ / Contact
   伊勢原市教育委員会 教育部 教育総務課 0463−74ー5109 (平日8:30ー17:15)

雨天・雷など天候悪化の場合は文化財保護のため閉門となります。

開創千三百年の歴史 11/15 - 12/14 10:00 - 16:00

- 宝城坊について -

宝城坊はかつて霊山寺(りょうぜんじ)といわれ、奈良時代の霊亀2年(716年)に、僧・行基(ぎょうき)により開創され、1300年の歴史を伝えています。中世より薬師霊場として篤く信仰され日向薬師の名をもって親しまれ、日本三薬師の1つに数えられています。開創以来、歴代天皇の帰依深く、勅願寺としての時代を経て、将軍 源頼朝や妻の北条政子など名立たる関東の武家が度々参詣・祈願に訪れており、宝城坊にはその歴史を物語る多くの仏像が伝在し、日本有数の文化財の宝庫でもあります。


本尊である薬師三尊像は平安時代に遡る、表面にノミ目を残した独特の技法=鉈彫(なたぼり)による仏像の代表的作例として知られています。その他に関東では珍しい丈六仏の薬師如来坐像や阿弥陀如来坐像、四天王立像、十二神将立像など多数の国指定重要文化財を有しており、宝殿においてそれらの仏像を収蔵しております。東国において、これほどの数の指定の仏像が一同に納められている極めて稀な例です。


本展覧会では、宝城坊宝殿の仏像を魅力的に伝えるライトアップを行い、卓越した造形美や当時の信仰の篤みを感じることができる、ここでしか体験できない価値ある空間を創造するリニューアルを行います。

古来、人々の心のよりどころとして護り伝えられてきた特別な空間が、新しくうまれかわります。広く多くの方々に、宝城坊の歴史と文化について知って頂くまたとない機会になればと思います。是非、お越しください。

- Introduction -

Hōjō-bou, once known as Ryozen-ji, was founded during the Nara period in 716 by a famous monk, Gyoki, and currently boasts a 1300-year-long history.

It is a secret place for Yakushi, the Buddha of healing, and has been worshiped and affectionately referred to as ‘Hinata Yakushi’ since the medieval period.

It’s one of the three Yakushi pilgrimage temples in Japan.Since its establishment, successive Emperors devotedly worshiped the Yakushi Nyorai here and it earned the Emperor’s temple status for a period of time.

Renowned samurai lords in the Kanto region including Shogun Minamoto Yoritomo and his wife Masako Hōjō often visited here and offered prayers. Hōjō-bou is home to many Buddhist statues that tell its story vividly, as well as one of Japan’s most prominent cultural treasuries.


The principle images are the three Yakushi statues that date back to the Heian period.

They are known as masterpieces of the Nata-bori technique, which deliberately leaves traces of carving through gouging on its surface.

Furthermore, it houses many more statues that are designated as cultural property of national importance, including Jōroku’ seated Yakushi Nyorai, which is said to be Buddha’s life-size statue and rarely found in the Kanto region.

There also is a seated Amida Nyorai statue as well as the statues of the Four Heavenly Kings and the Twelve Heavenly Generals.

These statues are stored in our treasure hall. It’s highly unusual that a temple in the eastern part of Japan has such a great number of statues that are designated as cultural property.


In this exhibition, we created a valuable space where, with the light-up of the statues, visitors can behold the outstanding art and feel the people’s devotion to Buddhism at that time.The hall has been a special place filled with generations of people’s prayers and protected since the medieval period.

It was renovated recently to become an inspirational space to deliver an unforgettable experience that is only possible in this place.

We sincerely hope this exhibition to be a unique opportunity for many people to visit Hōjō-bou and learn about our rich history and culture.

- ギャラリー -

日向薬師 宝城坊本堂 ひなたやくし ほうじょうぼうほんどう

Hinata Yakushi Hojo-bo Main Hall


The massive Main Hall with its large thatched roof (20 m by 17 m by 10 m) looks mighty even against its mountainous setting. It has been rebuilt on several occasions: in 1660, when elements from the older building were incorporated, and again in 1743 and 1745. Its medieval characteristics, commodious spaces, and exterior make it well worth visiting.

国指定重要文化財 / National designated important cultural property

木造 薬師如来及び両脇侍像 もくぞう やくしにょらいおよびりょうわきじぞう

Yakushi Nyorai flanked by two attendants


In the principal image housed in the building known as the Hojo-bo, the Healing Buddha (Yakushi Nyorai) is seated in the lotus position (kekkafuza) with a medicine pot in the left hand. The Bodhisattva Nikko (Sunlight) stands to its right with right hand raised and the bodhisattva Gakko (Moonlight), with left hand raised, to its left. The carving technique known as natabori is a distinctive feature of these statues. With this technique, chisel marks are left exposed. In the statue of Yakushi they are apparent everywhere except the head and the exposed flesh of the chest. They are to be seen in all parts of the attendant figures. The natabori style is characteristic of Eastern Japan, especially the Kanto region.

国指定重要文化財 / National designated important cultural property

木造 阿弥陀如来坐像 もくぞう あみだにょらいざぞう

Seated Statue of Amida Nyorai


Amida Nyorai sits in the lotus position (kekkafuza). The hands form a position, or mudra, called the Jobon Geshoin, in which the tips of the thumbs and index fingers touch to form a ring. Statues of this height (about 2.7 meters) are not common in the Kanto region. This one was probably made between the end of the Heian period and the beginning of the Kamakura period (the end of the 12th to the beginning of the 13th century). The face makes a calmer impression than is usual in seated statues of Yakushi. The narrow chest and low positioning of the knees seem to reflect the style of the Heian period. Inside this statue is a wooden plaque stating that the statue was repaired in 1741.

国指定重要文化財 / National designated important cultural property

木造 十二神将立像 もくぞう じゅうにしんしょうりゅうぞう

Standing Statues of the Twelve Heavenly Generals


These forceful, life-size statues represent the Twelve Heavenly Generals who serve and protect Yakushi Nyorai. Each figure is individualized—spiked hair, an armored arm raised high, or a gaping mouth suggesting anger—but all project personalities suited to protectors. The fierceness of their facial expressions is intensified by means of inlaid crystal eyes. An inscription about ceremonially welcoming the Twelve Heavenly Generals on a bronze bell in the Hojo-bo suggests that the statues might have been made in 1340, when the bell was cast. On the basis of their appearance, however, they demonstrate characteristics of the end of the Kamakura period (the end of 13th century) to which some people assign them.

国指定重要文化財 / National designated important cultural property

木造 四天王立像 もくぞう してんのうりゅうぞう

Standing Statues of the Four Heavenly Kings


Wearing armor with their hair in tight buns, they stand firmly on ogres. Their distinctive eyebrows, cheeks, and jaws express rage. Rippling muscles and inlaid crystal eyes intensify the ferocity of their appearance. Jikoku-ten (the king who upholds the realm) and Zocho-ten (the king who causes growth) pose symmetrically: one arm raised and one hand on the hip with all their weight on one foot. Komoku-ten (the king who sees all) and Tamon-ten (the king who hears all) uphold their attributes and stand straight symmetrically. These two sets of figures brilliantly express the contrast between vigor and calmness. They are thought to date from the early Kamakura period (around the 13th century) because of their dynamic and powerful style.

国指定重要文化財 / National designated important cultural property

旧本堂内厨子 きゅうほんどうないずし

Zushi in the former main hall


This miniature shrine houses a Yakushi triad, the principal images of the Hinata Yakushi temple. It is large and constructed of full-fledged architectural members similar to those used in real temple buildings. Round-section posts and two-leaf wooden doors are characteristic of what is called the Wa-yo, or Japanese style. Concentrated brackets on the tops of posts and under the eaves show the influence of the Zen-style, thus indicating the process whereby Zen influences were included in formerly Japanese-style buildings. For this reason, in addition to being a beautiful design, the shrine is important as an indication of this process of cultural inclusion.

国指定重要文化財 / National designated important cultural property

木造 日光・月光菩薩立像 もくぞう にっこう・がっこうぼさつりゅうぞう

Standing Statues of the Nikko and Gakko Bodhisattvas


Nikko(Sunlight), on the viewer’ s right, has the right hand raised to chest level and the left hand lowered with the wrist turned forward. Gakko(Moonlight), on the viewer’ s left, hold the lightly clenched left fist at abdomen level. Meticulous carving even to such subtle details as fingertips depict the gentleness of Nikko and the calm of Gakko. The draperies of the figures are complicated and heavy. Realistic faces and dignity suggest that the statues were produced in the 13th century (early Kamakura period).

国指定重要文化財 / National designated important cultural property

木造 薬師如来坐像 もくぞう やくしにょらいざぞう

Seated Statue of Yakushi Nyorai


The Healing Buddha is shown seated in the lotus position (kekkafuza) and holding a medicine pot in the left hand. A solemn face, compact forehead and eyes, and a broad nasal bridge produce an impression of power. The balanced body has abundant volume. The numerous layers of the robe connect in gentle curves. Similar statues of this height, nearly five meters, are rare in the Kanto district, leading to the assumption that this work was produced from the late 12th into the early 13th century (late Heian to early Kamakura period). Though older techniques have been used in the head, the face and body reveal the power seen in works from the Kamakura period.

国指定重要文化財 / National designated important cultural property

木造 獅子頭 もくぞう ししがしら

Lion Heads


Large for their genre, these heads have a bold and powerful look. They are painted in black lacquer all over, except for the ears, eyes, and mouth, which are in vermilion lacquer. Small holes suggest that hair was once embedded in the chins. Sex determination is impossible on the basis of external observation. Their great height and calm expression suggest a production date in the Heian period, no later than the latter half of the 13th century. These heads are especially important for their age, for the survival of both right and left heads, and for the preservation of their surface finishing.

国指定重要文化財 / National designated important cultural property

県指定重要文化財 / Prefecture designated important cultural property

木造 賓頭盧尊者坐像 もくぞう びんずるそんじゃざぞう

Seated Statue of Pindola Bharadvaja


Housed in the Main Hall, this wooden statue of Shakyamuni Buddha’ s disciple the arhat Pindola Bharadvaja (Binzuru Sonja) is 78 cm tall and is thought to date from the end of the 12th to the beginning of the 13th century. In Japan popularly called O-Binzuru Sama, this disciple specialized in mystical powers. It is said that a person with an ailment can be cured merely by touching the part of this statue corresponding to the ailing part of his or her own body. The figure is thought to have made at about the same time as the wooden statues of Yakushi Nyorai and Amida Nyorai housed in the Hojo-bo. It is important for its value as a work of Buddhist sculpture and in connection with the history of the Hojo-bo.

市指定文化財 / City designated cultural property

もくぞう じゅうにしんしょうりゅうぞう

Twelve Heavenly Generals


Thought to date from about the late 12th century, these statues are enshrined on an altar, or Shumidan, in the center of the Main Hall together with the seated statue of the Healing Buddha Yakushi Nyorai (17th to 19th century). The oldest statuary group of these generals in Eastern Japan, they range in height from 62.7 m to 71.6 m and, wearing garments, armor, and helmets, are strikingly expressive. Probably made in the Kyoto vicinity, they bear a strong resemblance to pictures of the general copied from Chinese books in 1164 by the Buddhist painter Chokakubo Jochi.

県指定重要文化財 / Prefecture designated important cultural property

大太鼓 おおだいこ

Great Drum


This extremely large drum has a diameter of 1.38 m. Written in India ink on the body of the drum is the information that the leather cover was changed in 1540 and that the drum was used in temple festivals and outings to Edo (Tokyo). The leather has not survived. A record of the Sagami region says that the drum was given to the temple in 1194, when the Shogun Minamoto no Yoritomo came to the temple to pray for the recovery of his sick daughter.

県指定重要文化財 / Prefecture designated important cultural property

鐘堂 しょうどう

Belfry


Located on the east side of the temple precincts, the belfry houses a bronze bell that is a designated National Important Cultural Property. A ridgepole plaque uncovered during repairs conducted in 1979 claims that repairs were carried out in 1763, indicating that the building must date from a still earlier year, making it one of the oldest belfries in the prefecture. Ordinary roofs on belfries of this kind are supported on four posts. In this case, however there are twelve, three in each corner. This may refer to the Twelve Heavenly Generals guarding the Healing Buddha Yakushi Nyorai.

市指定文化財 / City designated cultural property

銅鐘 どうしょう

Bronze Bell


The bell was cast in 1340 by founder Mononobe no Mitsutsura on the order of the priest Gokai. Inscriptions on it indicate that it was brought from Kyoto as a present from the Emperor Murakami in 952. In 1153 it was recast on orders from the Retired Emperor Toba and recast once again in 1340. This history bears witness to close ties between the temple Ryozen-ji and the capital.

国指定重要文化財 / National designated important cultural property

宝城坊境内 ほうじょうぼうけいだい

Precincts of the Hojo-bo


This designation indicates the area around the Main Hall at the top of the steps leading from the gate housing the Gate Guardian statues (Nio-mon). It is readily accessible from the parking lot on the west side of the temple. Visitors can fully savor the mood of a mountain temple while walking from the terminal bus stop by the Shirahige-jinja Shrine, past the Nio-mon gate, up the steps carved from exposed stone, to the Main Hall. Famous stones along the way arouse reminiscences of what the place was like when the shogun Minamoto no Yoritomo visited long ago.

市指定文化財 / City designated cultural property

金剛力士像 こんごうりきしぞう

Gate Guardians (Kongo Rikishi)


On the rear of the pedestal of a seated statue of Pindola Bharadvaja (Binzuru Sonja) in the Main Hall is indication that these works were created by the sculptor Goto Shinkei in 1833. One of the pair (3.5 m tall) has his mouth open, and the other (3.52 m tall) has his mouth closed. An original pair of guardian statues was destroyed in a fire that started in one of the temple halls in 1833 and were reproduced at once. The older gate was apparently a large tower-type structure. Though fairly recent, these statues have been designated Municipal Important Cultural Properties for their value as the only statues of Gate Guardians in the city.

市指定文化財 / City designated cultural property

二本杉 にほんすぎ

Pair of Cedar Trees


This pair of wide-branched, hardy cedar trees stands side by side, one on the south (39 m tall) and one on the north (34 m tall). They are estimated to be about 850 years old. Ancient documents describe them as having born a brocade banner (a Prefectural Important Cultural Property) contributed by the shogun Ashikaga Motouji in 1364. For this reason, they are referred to as the Brocade-banner Cedars.

県指定重要文化財 / Prefecture designated important cultural property

日向薬師の寺林 ひなたやくしのじりん

Hinata Yakushi Grove


Such natural trees as chinquapins, firs, maples, Japanese zelkova, and cedars abound on the temple grounds. The chinquapins grow along the approach route, especially on the west level, while firs and zelkova are behind the Main Hall. Though the space is not large, the natural trees preserve the ceremonial mood of the approach.

県指定重要文化財 / Prefecture designated important cultural property

ひなたやくし ほうじょうぼうほんどう
もくぞう やくしにょらいおよびりょうわきじぞう
もくぞう あみだにょらいざぞう
もくぞう じゅうにしんしょうりゅうぞう
もくぞう してんのうりゅうぞう
きゅうほんどうないずし
もくぞう にっこう・がっこうぼさつりゅうぞう
もくぞう やくしにょらいざぞう
もくぞう ししがしら
もくぞう びんずるそんじゃざぞう
もくぞう じゅうにしんしょうりゅうぞう
おおだいこ
しょうどう
どうしょう
ほうじょうぼうけいだい
こんごうりきしぞう
にほんすぎ
ひなたやくしのじりん

お問い合わせ / CONTACT

0463−74ー5109 (平日8:30ー17:15)

伊勢原市教育委員会 教育部 教育総務課

主催:伊勢原市 Organizer:Isehara city

注意事項 / ATTENTION

雨天・雷など天候悪化の場合は文化財保護のため閉門となります。開催の有無についてはお電話にてお問い合わせください。

In Case of bad weather such as rain or snow, the gate will be closed to protect cultural properties.Please call us if the weather is unstable.


展示されている文化財の撮影は禁止しております。

Photography of cultural properties are prohibited.

いせはら文化財サイト

日向薬師 宝城坊宝殿特別展覧会